This is Neily on Nutrition. Thanks for tuning into my continuing conversation about carbohydrates. Yesterday, I focused on why some people might think that they’re bad, and they’re not. But there’s a lot of misconceptions about carbohydrates, and they’re so misunderstood. I was at a meeting a while ago and it was a non-dietitian, non- nutrition related meeting, and nobody knew what I did for a living. Inevitably at one of the breaks, the conversations got around to diets, and one woman was talking about her low-carb diet. I asked her I said “what kind of foods do you eat,” and she said “I eat a lot of protein. I eat chicken and I eat fish, and I eat a lot of fats. I try to focus on the healthy fats.” She also said “I eat a lot of vegetables, of course the good vegetables.” I didn’t say anything, I just kept my mouth shut, but Neily’s news flash: vegetables are carbohydrates, yes they are! So where do we find carbohydrates? I want to give it make it really simple for you. All plant-based foods are sources of carbohydrates. If it came from the ground, if it was from a plant or came from a tree, it’s a source of carbohydrate, or if it’s a product that was made from any of those things with the exception of oil — those are going to be sources of carbohydrates. So we’ve got vegetables, and we have fruits, and we have grains, and of course we prefer people to eat whole grains. Then we have a dried beans and peas and red beans, black beans, pinto beans, and soybeans, all of those aren’t really terrific sources of carbohydrates. We also have one animal source of carbohydrate, and that animal source is from dairy, specifically it’s milk and yogurt, and that is the milk sugar lactose. Cheese is also dairy, but most of the carbohydrate has been removed, and it has very little lactose and very little carbohydrate in it. So there you have it, those are the really great sources of carbohydrates; however there’s a really big umbrella of carbohydrates, isn’t there? There are more sources of carbohydrates — anything with sugar, all sorts of sugars, and sugar can be disguised in many, many different ways and we’re going to talk about that in a couple of days. But, sugars and the refined grains, those are also sources of carbohydrates. So pies, candy, cakes, cookies, ice cream, and soda, energy drinks, all of that those are all sources of sugar. Now it’s not that we shouldn’t be eating those things, just in limited quantities. But, our focus should be on those really terrific, healthy, great sources of carbohydrates — fruits and vegetables and whole grains and dried beans. So that’s what we want to focus on. Now, tomorrow I’m going to talk about why some carbohydrates are a little bit more concentrated in calories than others and why you may have heard in the past somebody might say “oh, don’t eat bananas because they’re fattening.” Well bananas have no fat, and they’re not fattening, they’re really great. But there is something about them that may be why people say that, and I’m gonna tell you why. So make sure you tune in tomorrow for my video, and thanks for watching Neily on Nutrition.