Diabetes Diet Guidelines : Carbohydrate Counting & the Diabetes Diet


Hi, I’m Brenda Thompson, registered dietitian
and owner of Life Skills Nutrition. In this segment I’m going to talk about carbohydrate
counting in controlling blood sugars. Carbohydrate counting is less restrictive than the exchange
method because you’re basically just counting the amount of carbohydrates you’re eating
at each meal. Consulting your dietitian will help you determine how many carbohydrates
you should have for each meal and each snack. Generally a meal might consist of sixty grams
of carbohydrates or maybe even fifteen to thirty grams of carbohydrates depending on
what your calorie needs are and your carbohydrates needs are. As we used this for the exchange
system, you may also use this in carbohydrate counting. If you look here each one of these
food groups provides you with the amount of carbohydrates that each one of these servings
provide. The starch, each serving provides fifteen grams. So if you were allowed up to
sixty grams of carbohydrates for lunch, then you can decide how many starches you wanted
and then maybe you would want to come down, maybe you would want to add two starches and
then come down and add a fruit. For another and then you may want to come down and add
some milk to that meal as well which provides twelve grams of carbohydrates. Vegetables
only provides five grams of carbohydrates and this is why it is recommended that you
consume a large amount of vegetables among other health benefits such as the benefits
antioxidants and vitamins and minerals provide in the vegetables. Meats do not have any carbohydrates
so you would not need to count that in your carbohydrate counting method. Fats also do
not have any carbohydrates. Free foods here are foods that are basically your sugar free
foods and these should be eating in moderation however, because they don’t always contain
a lot of nutrients. And down in this list you have other foods that are provided such
as soups and pizzas, and doughnuts and things like that. Consulting with your dietitian
and diabetes educator will help you decide which method works for you and carbohydrate
counting maybe the best method for you in controlling your blood sugars.

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