Stud Dog Problems: Pet Care Pro Show

SHELLEY: You did your homework and have a
healthy female dog ready to breed. But the breeding isn’t successful. Why? There are several potential reasons, and one
of them is the male dog that was used. Low sperm count, prostate problems, disease
or even the outside temperature can all be playing a factor in reproductive success. In this episode of the Pet Care Pro Show,
we have Cynthia talking with us about some of the most common stud dog problems and the
best age to freeze semen. Now, if you haven’t already, we ask you
to consider subscribing to the Revival Animal Health YouTube channel, by clicking this little
red heart, or the subscribe button down below if you’re watching this on YouTube. This way you won’t miss our new pet health
videos. Now let’s talk stud dog problems. Cynthia, let’s first clear up some confusion
around two common phrases: infertility and being sterile. What is the difference? CYNTHIA: Great question. In general, reproductive failure is complex
and there can be many factors at play. Infertility is defined as a reduced ability
to produce, while sterility is defined as a permanent inability to reproduce. SHELLEY: Right, your veterinarian can perform
testing to let you know what you are dealing with. CYNTHIA: Absolutely, the good news is infertility
in a stud dog can be managed. Semen collection is where you’ll start. When you collect the semen you’ll want to
look at four different aspects to determine the semen quality. Those are sperm count, sperm morphology or
structure, sperm motility, and sperm longevity. SHELLEY: Okay, let’s break each of those down. What is the ideal sperm count? CYNTHIA: A sperm count should be 10 million
times the dog’s weight in pounds. Frequent breeding – more than once a day
– can lower sperm count. Research also tells us that the season of
the year has an effect on the concentration of sperm. Increased concentration tends to occur in
spring and early summer and lower concentration in late summer and fall. Sperm concentration is thought to be influenced
by the day length and the environmental temperature. SHELLEY: So heat can impact sperm count? CYNTHIA: Oh Yes! Semen is sensitive to environmental temperature. When the outside temp approaches 102 degrees
Fahrenheit, which is the normal body temperature of a dog, male fertility can suffer. When the temperature reaches over 105 degrees,
males can become infertile if overheating happens. If it gets too hot, the stored sperm in the
dog’s testicle dies and the replacement can take 60 days. SHELLEY: So what can you do to manage temperature? CYNTHIA: Water misters over the kennel with
shade can lower the environmental temp by 10 degrees. If you have an air-conditioned kennel, keep
males inside and limit outside access during the heat of the day. SHELLEY: Are high temperatures the only thing
that can kill sperm? CYNTHIA: I wish it was that easy, but no. Another common cause of sperm death is latex
toxicity from the syringe or soap and disinfectant used in AI equipment that has been reused. The use of a Disposable Artificial Insemination
Kit or using our semen safe syringes solves that issue. SHELLEY: What about if no sperm are seen when
you perform a sperm count? CYNTHIA: In that case, it’s a good idea
to send the prostatic fluid to a reference lab for an Alkaline Phosphatase level. SHELLEY: Okay, what about sperm morphology? What does that determine? CYNTHIA: A sperm morphology or structure test
assesses the shape and appearance of each sperm cell. To do this the semen should be stained and
assessed. A veterinarian can do this. SHELLEY: When it comes to sperm motility,
that doesn’t necessarily mean mobility, correct? CYNTHIA: Right. The semen needs to be progressively motile,
meaning it swims forward with vigor. To support improved sperm production and motility,
I recommend Breeder’s Edge Oxy Stud. It’s a dietary supplement that supports
vigor and endurance and provides essential nutrients for breeding male dogs and cats. SHELLEY: And finally sperm longevity. How do you measure that? CYNTHIA: Hold a small sample of semen in an
extender in the refrigerator and reassess it 24 and 48 hours later by warming it up. Semen that is normal and has normal motility
should still be swimming for up to three days. SHELLEY: Now let’s look closer at some common
stud dog problems. First, looking at the dog’s urine immediately
after ejaculation is important. Why? CYNTHIA: Yes, you want to look in the male’s
urine to see if sperm is present. If sperm is present in the urine, this would
indicate retrograde ejaculation. This refers to the entry of semen into the
bladder instead of going out through the urethra. SHELLEY: Okay, and you’ll have to use a
microscope to see the sperm in the urine, so if you don’t have a microscope, your
vet can help with this. CYNTHIA: Exactly. And time is of the essence in these cases. If you are wanting to know if the sperm is
alive, you should use a centrifuge to concentrate them and look in the urine the same day you
take the sample. However, if you are just looking to see if
sperm is present, then looking the next day is fine. If you do notice sperm in the urine you’ll
want to take your dog to his vet for further evaluation. SHELLEY: Diseases can also impact males fertility. What diseases do you need to watch for? CYNTHIA: Canine brucellosis is a bacterial
disease that can be spread through mating and can cause sterility in the male along
with testicular swelling and soreness. This is why testing your males for infectious
diseases prior to breeding is important. Especially since an adult dog infected with
the Brucella organism is rarely ill. SHELLEY: Yes. And for more information on brucellosis, we
recommended reading the article Brucellosis in Dogs. That can be found in our Learning Center at or we’ve put a link to that article below in the description. Okay, so what about if your male is sick with
a fever? CYNTHIA: Sickness and fever are major issues
with stud dogs. If males run a fever, stored sperm will die
so sick males should be addressed immediately. We need to bring the fever down and use an
appropriate antibiotic to correct the infection. If the fever reaches 103 or 104 degrees Fahrenheit,
males may be infertile for 45 to 60 days. They will have sperm, but it will all be dead. Another thing to keep in mind, urinary tract
issues can cause infertility in males over five years of age. SHELLEY: Now let’s talk about prostate disease. Since stud dog fertility peaks at five years
of age, if the stud is over five years old and has fertility issues, the prostate must
be ruled out. CYNTHIA: Yes, Benign prostatic hypertrophy
or hyperplasia, also known as BPH is the most common prostate problem we see in un-neutered
male dogs. It is frequently seen after age five. Symptoms are blood dripping from the penis
not associated with urination, pain on breeding, flat ribbon-like stools and blood in the ejaculate. SHELLEY: Okay now let’s talk about prostatitis. Tell us about that? CYNTHIA: Prostatitis is also fairly common
in un-neutered male dogs. However, these dogs are SICK. They run a fever, are lethargic, won’t eat
and may die if the infection spreads into the abdomen. SHELLEY: Now what about prostate cancer. This is most often seen in neutered males
correct? CYNTHIA: Right, most dogs with prostate cancer
are neutered. The only way to confirm prostate cancer is
on a biopsy of the prostate. SHELLEY: Another prostate problem is para-prostatic
cysts. And these are fairly rare. CYNTHIA: Yes, para-prostatic cysts form outside
the prostate, and look on ultrasound and x-ray like the dog has a second bladder. Now, if your stud dog has a prostate disease,
seek the services of a veterinarian who understands the diagnosis and treatment options for breeding
dogs. SHELLEY: Right. Now before we talk about the best way to protect
your male’s semen, if you are finding this video helpful click the like button below. Okay, so if you have a breeding program, how
can you best protect the male dog’s semen? CYNTHIA: Freezing semen when the boys are
young between two and four years of age is ideal. Freeze them while they are healthy and producing
great quality semen. It will cost you much less money to freeze
their semen while they are young. SHELLEY: Very good advice. Thank you, Cynthia. If you’ve learned something new in this
video, share it with a friend who you think could benefit. And if you have other questions, comment below
and we will get an answer for you. I’m Shelley with the Revival education team. This is Cynthia, a Revival Pet Care Pro. Thank you for joining us on this episode of
the Pet Care Pro Show. SHELLEY:
Hi! If you’re watching on Youtube, and new to
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